Carnival of social change: Alternative theoretical orientation in the study of change | Intellect Skip to content
Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 1757-1952
  • E-ISSN: 1757-1960



This study analyses the problem of change. The problem of change can be defined from the point of view of Parmenides who thought there is no change at all. This study explains how change can be viewed as narrative. If we accept that change is narrative, such approach will enable us to look at the central problem in metaphysics, the problem of change, from a fresh perspective and apply Bakhtinian concepts of ‘carnival’, ‘grotesque’, ‘dialogic relationship’, and ‘unfinalizability’ to change. The discussions on change usually have been revolving around the observed system. Bakhtinian perception shows another theoretical orientation by highlighting the role of the observer who decides what the change is. Regarding the question of change for a specific object, a few questions are significant: For whom is the change happening? What is changing? When is the change happening? Where is the change happening?


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  • Article Type: Article
Keyword(s): carnival; cause-effect; change; grotesque; Mikhail Bakhtin; narrative
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