Primary issues with secondary orality | Intellect Skip to content
Volume 11, Issue 3-4
  • ISSN: 1539-7785
  • E-ISSN: 2048-0717



This article examines two of Walter Ong’s signature concepts in culture and communication theory: secondary orality and residual orality. The author argues that these two concepts, as deployed today by many scholars in discussions of electronic and digital media, are highly problematic. Stemming from the author’s study of a particular region and contingent of humankind that was not on Ong’s cultural radar, the article attempts to demonstrate why scholars need to reflect further on these definitional models and argues for a more supple comprehension and application of the terms.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a success
Invalid data
An error occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error