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Volume 11, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 1752-6299
  • E-ISSN: 1752-6302



The Umbrella Movement (UM) in Hong Kong, through its prolonged street occupation, has created an expressive platform for countless artworks by artists and amateurs. Under investigation is 24 Hours in the Revolution, a group of mostly musicians who facilitated thirteen song writing sessions inside and outside the protest sites. In addition to being an invaluable source of documentation of the movement, this collection of 40 collaboratively written songs is unique among protest music in being highly personal, detailing individuals’ motivations to join the movement and their on-site experiences and emotions. The lyrics of the songs are analysed within the context of the UM, supported by available studies, interviews, documentations and news reports. The analysis expands the ten functions of ‘culture in movement’ to include the therapeutic impact of participatory music-making in providing psychological relieve and fortifications.


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