La reprsentation ambivalente de l'Autochtone dans le roman qubcois: vers une perspective postcoloniale | Intellect Skip to content
Volume 9, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 1368-2679
  • E-ISSN: 1758-9142


This article will begin with a survey of the relatively small number of studies of the figure of the Native in the literature of Quebec and will then continue by considering critical studies of the Native in other former settler colonies such as Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Criticism from both Quebec and other former settler colonies links the representation of the Native to the need for the white settler to identify with his or her new territory, to criticize white society and to distinguish this society from its European ancestor. Next, by using the postcolonial theory of Homi Bhahba, this article relates the ambivalent nature of the Qubcois writer's representation of the Native to a lack present in the colonizer's psyche that leads to a partial identification with, yet at the same time fear of, the colonized other. This theoretical perspective leads to a different interpretation of the function of the Native in Quebec literature than in previous studies, which underlined the settler colony status of Quebec. By using Bhahba's theory, the representation of the Native can be more closely compared with paradigms of representation used in non-settler colonial contexts. The article concludes by noting that in spite of its contribution to our understanding of ambivalence in the representation of the Native, Bhabha's theory does not account for the metaphorical function played by the Native in Quebec literature of the Quiet Revolution.


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  • Article Type: Article
Keyword(s): ambivalence; autochtone; Bhabha; identit; roman qubcois; thorie postcoloniale
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