Unsettling ‘we’re all mixed-race’: Métis.se/colonial futurity, settler colonialism and the countering of Kanak sovereignty | Intellect Skip to content
1981
Volume 25, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 1368-2679
  • E-ISSN: 1758-9142

Abstract

This article aims to uncover the colonial character of the statement ‘on est tous métis’ (‘we’re all mixed-race’) in Kanaky/New Caledonia, a racially and politically polarized space where there is an ongoing struggle for independence led by Indigenous Kanak people. It uses data gathered in semi-structured interviews with self-identified ‘mixed-raced’ people during a six-month stay in Kanaky/New Caledonia before and after the November 2018 referendum for independence. It also uses ethnographic material and, more specifically, encounters with the figure of the ‘mixed-race’ person in political debates, campaigns as well as art and media that signal an investment in the idea that, in Kanaky/New Caledonia, ‘we are all mixed-race’. The article exposes the political discourse of multiracialism as exclusionary and as a mechanism of Indigenous disappearance in the settler colonial context. It also sheds light on the way in which settler anxiety feeds the multiracial discourse. In challenging and deconstructing the orientations towards a multiracial or métis.se future, that individuals and institutions imagine, wish or advocate for, the article aims to call for a desolidarization from modes of thinking and being that support the French colonial project, even when it masks itself as inclusive.

Résumé

Cet article vise à dévoiler le caractère colonial de l’énoncé ‘on est tous métis.ses’ en Kanaky/Nouvelle-Calédonie, un espace racialement et politiquement polarisé où se joue une lutte permanente pour l’indépendance menée par le peuple autochtone kanak. Il utilise des données recueillies lors d’entretiens semi-structurés avec des personnes qui s’identifient comme ‘métisses’ lors d’un séjour de 6 mois en Kanaky/Nouvelle-Calédonie avant et après le référendum d’indépendance de novembre 2018. Le papier utilise également des données ethnographiques et, plus précisément, des rencontres avec la figure du et de la ‘métis.se’ dans les débats politiques, les campagnes mais aussi l’art et les médias qui signalent un investissement dans l’idée qu’en Kanaky/Nouvelle-Calédonie, ‘nous sommes tou.tes métis.ses’. L’article expose le discours politique du multiracialisme comme un mécanisme d’exclusion et de disparition des autochtones dans un contexte de colonisation de peuplement. Il éclaire également la manière dont l’angoisse des colons alimente le discours multiracial. En remettant en question et en déconstruisant les orientations vers un avenir multiracial ou métis, qu’imaginent, souhaitent ou défendent les individus et les institutions, l’article vise à appeler à une désolidarisation des modes de pensée et d’être qui soutiennent le projet colonial français, même lorsqu’il se présente comme inclusif.

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2023-05-05
2024-02-26
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Keyword(s): decolonization; Kanaky; métissage; New Caledonia; racism; whiteness
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