Strengthening empathy in children with autism: A single-case study of a music and movement programme | Intellect Skip to content
1981
Volume 16, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 2516-1989
  • E-ISSN: 2516-1997

Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulty recognizing subtle expressions of feelings, identifying and understanding various other states of emotion expressed by others, and knowing what to do in a set of conditions that exist at a particular time in a particular place. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects that a music-movement programme can have on a 6-year-old girl with ASD – specifically her ability to recognize and understand the feelings of others, communicate clearly about her personal emotional states and build stronger relationships. Results showed that the programme appeared to enhance empathic development for the young girl with ASD and reduced the frequency of difficulty in determining emotional reactions in others, describing emotional states, and difficulty thinking and feeling about a situation. These initial results support the use of the programme to reduce maladaptive behaviours of children with ASD and increase their awareness of and sensitivity towards others.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1386/ijmec_00030_1
2021-06-01
2024-05-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Barendse, Evelien,, Hendriks, Marc,, Thoonen, Geert,, Aldenkamp, Albert, and Kessels, Roy. ( 2018;), ‘ Social behaviour and social cognition in high-functioning adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD): Two sides of the same coin?. ’, Cognitive Processing, 19:4, pp. 54555.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baron-Cohen, Simon. ( 1997), Mindblindness: An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind, London:: MIT Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Barrett, Lisa Feldman. ( 2017), How Emotions Are Made, New York:: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt;.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bella, Maria. ( 2012;), ‘ The effect of drama on improving alexithymic characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorders. A case study analysis. ’, master’s dissertation, Komotini:: Democritus University of Thrace;.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bella, Maria, and Evaggelinou, Christina. ( 2018;), ‘ Does theatrical play promote development of social skills in students with autism? A systematic review of the methods and measures employed in the literature. ’, Preschool & Primary Education, 6:2, pp. 96118.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bella, Maria,, Evaggelinou, Christina,, Koidou, Eirini, and Tsigilis, Nikolaos. ( 2019;), ‘ The effects of a theatrical play programme on social skills development for young children with autism spectrum disorders. ’, International Journal of Special Education, 33:4, pp. 82846.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Beran, Michael,, Brandl, Johannes,, Perner, Josef, and Proust, Joëlle. ( 2012), Foundations of Metacognition, Oxford:: Oxford University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Booules-Katri, Tereza-Maria,, Pedreño,, Jose-Blás, Navarro,, Montserrat, Pamias, and Obiols, Jordi. ( 2019;), ‘ Theory of Mind (ToM) performance in high functioning autism (HFA) and Schizotypal–Schizoid personality disorders (SSPD) patients. ’, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 49:8, pp. 337686.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Brinck, Ingar. ( 2018;), ‘ Empathy, engagement, entrainment: The interaction dynamics of aesthetic experience. ’, Cognitive Processing, 19:2, pp. 20113.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Caine, Dennis,, Russell, Keith, and Lim, Liesbeth. ( 2013), Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science, Gymnastics, Hoboken, NJ:: Wiley-Blackwell;.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Campbell-McBride, Natasha. ( 2018), Gut and Psychology Syndrome: Natural Treatment for Autism, Dyspraxia, ADD, Dyslexia, ADHD, Depression, Schizophrenia, London:: Chelsea Green Publishing;.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Cohen, Jacob. ( 1960;), ‘ A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. ’, Educational and Psychological Measurement, 20:1, pp. 3746.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Cook, Anna,, Ogden, Jane, and Winstone, Naomi. ( 2016;), ‘ The experiences of learning, friendship and bullying of boys with autism in mainstream and special settings: A qualitative study. ’, British Journal of Special Education, 43:3, pp. 25071.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Crescenzo, Franco De,, Postorino, Valentina,, Siracusano, Martina,, Riccioni, Assia,, Armando, Marco,, Curatolo, Paolo, and Mazzone, Luigi. ( 2019;), ‘ Autistic symptoms in schizophrenia spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. ’, Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10:78, pp. 111.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Crone, Deanne, and Horner, Robert. ( 2015), Building Positive Behavior Support Systems in Schools, New York:: The Guilford Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Cucchi, Angie. ( 2016;), ‘ The embodied mind: A journey through the soma to reach the psyche. ’, MSc thesis, London:: University of London;.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Daniel, Ella,, Madigan, Sheri, and Jenkins, Jennifer. ( 2016;), ‘ Paternal and maternal warmth and the development of prosociality among preschoolers. ’, Journal of Family Psychology, 30:1, pp. 11424.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Factor, Reina,, Condy, Emma,, Farley, Julle, and Scarpa, Angela. ( 2016;), ‘ Brief report: Insistence on sameness, anxiety, and social motivation in children with autism spectrum disorder. ’, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46:7, pp. 254854.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Greene, Ross, and Ollendick, Thomas. ( 2019;), ‘ Behavioral assessment of children. ’, in G. Goldstein,, D. Allen, and J. Deluca. (eds), Handbook of Psychological Assessment, , 4th ed.., Amsterdam:: Elsevier;, pp. 43559.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hampson, Sarah. ( 2019), The Construction of Personality: An Introduction, New York:: Routledge;.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Holzman, Lois. ( 2016), Schools for Growth: Radical Alternatives to Current Education Models, New York:: Routledge;.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Hutchison, Elizabeth. ( 2018), Dimensions of Human Behavior: The Changing Life Course, Los Angeles:: Sage;.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Kim, Jiyun. ( 2020;), ‘ A case study of synchronization-based group music therapy for promoting peer interaction of children with autism spectrum disorder. ’, Journal of Music and Human Behavior, 17:1, pp. 97125.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Kolevri, Chrysi. ( 2018;), ‘ The effect of drama on the empathy of preschool aged children. ’, master’s dissertation, Tripoli:: University of Peloponnesus;.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Lehman, Laura Diane. ( 2019;), ‘ Oats, peas, beans, and early literacy skills grow: A program evaluation of education through music. ’, master’s dissertation, Alfred, NY:: School Psychology at Alfred University;.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Magro, Sophia,, Ultesch, Till,, Dreiskämper, Dennis, and Wagner, Jenny. ( 2018;), ‘ Self-esteem development in middle childhood: Support for sociometer theory. ’, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 43:2, pp. 11827.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Malcolm, Roslyn,, Ecks, Stefan, and Pickersgill, Martyn. ( 2017;), ‘ “It just opens up their world”: Autism, empathy, and the therapeutic effects of equine interactions. ’, Anthropology & Medicine, 25:2, pp. 22034.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Marshall, Jeanne,, Ware, Robert,, Ziviani, Jenny,, Hill, Rebecca, and Dodrill, Pamela. ( 2015;), ‘ Efficacy of interventions to improve feeding difficulties in children with autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. ’, Child Care Health and Development, 41:2, pp. 278302.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. McCauley, James,, Harris, Michelle,, Zajic, Matthew,, Swain-Lerro, Lindsay,, Oswald, Tasha,, McIntyre, Nancy,, Trzesniewski, Kali,, Mundy, Peter, and Solomon, Marjorie. ( 2019;), ‘ Self-esteem, internalizing symptoms, and Theory of Mind in youth with autism spectrum disorder. ’, Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 48:3, pp. 40011.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Midgelow, Vida. ( 2019), The Oxford Handbook of Improvisation in Dance, New York:: Oxford University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Müller, Eve,, Nutting, Diane, and Keddell, Katie. ( 2017;), ‘ Understanding ArtAbility: Using qualitative methods to assess the impact of a multi-genre arts education program on middle-school students with autism and their neurotypical teen mentors. ’, Youth Theatre Journal, 31:1, pp. 4874.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Plantenga, Janneke, and Remery, Chantal. ( 2013), Childcare Services for School Age Children: A Comparative Review of 33 Countries, Luxembourg:: Publications Office of the European Union;.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Raoufi, Mehdi. ( 2018;), ‘ Flow, creativity and autism spectrum disorder: Creatively supporting development and pro-social behavior in children with ASD. ’, MSc. thesis, Cambridge, MA:: Lesley University;.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Rosen, Heather,, Lynam, Pamela,, Carr, Catherine,, Reis, Veronica,, Ricca, Jim,, Bazant, Eva, and Bartlett, Linda. ( 2015;), ‘ Direct observation of respectful maternity care in five countries: A cross-sectional study of health facilities in East and Southern Africa. ’, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 15:1, pp. 111.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Ruble, Liza,, Dalrymple, Nancy, and McGrew, John. ( 2012), Collaborative Model for Promoting Competence and Success for Students with Autism, New York:: Springer;.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Saad, Andressa Gouveia de Faria, and Goldfield, Marcia. ( 2009;), ‘ Echolalia in the language development of autistic individuals: A biographical review. ’, Revista De Atualização Científica, 21:3, pp. 25560.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Schopler, Eric,, Reichler, Robert,, and DeVellis, Robert. ( 1980;), ‘ Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood autism rating scale (CARS). ’, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 10:1, pp. 91103.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Schopler, Eric,, Reichler, Robert,, and Rochen, Renner. ( 1988), The Childhood Autism Rating Scale, Los Angeles, CA:: Western Psychological Services;.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Sharda, Megha,, Tuerk, Carola,, Chowdhury, Rakhee,, Jamey, Kevin,, Foster, Nicholas,, Custo-Blanch, Melanie,, Aparna, Nadig, and Hyde, Krista. ( 2018;), ‘ Music improves social communication and auditory-motor connectivity in children with autism. ’, Translation Psychiatry, 8:231, pp. 113.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Sifferlin, Alexandra. ( 2017;), ‘ Are emotions contagious?. ’, Special Time Edition: The Science of Emotions, October, 27, pp. 4145.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Simpson, Richard, and McGinnis-Smith, Ellen. ( 2018), Social Skills Success for Students with Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism, Thousand Oaks, CA:: Corwin;.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Smagorinsky, Peter. ( 2016), Creativity and Community among Autism-Spectrum Youth: Creating Positive Social Updrafts through Play and Performance, Basingstoke:: Palgrave Macmillan;.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Vygotsky, Lev Semyonovich. ( 1978), Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes, Cambridge, MA:: Harvard University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Wiseman, Sue. ( 2015;), ‘ The use of music as an educational intervention for children with autistic spectrum disorder. ’, Research in Teacher Education, 5:1, pp. 714.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Yoo, Ga Eul, and Kim, Soo Ji. ( 2018;), ‘ Dyadic drum playing and social skills: Implications for rhythm-mediated intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder. ’, Journal of Music Therapy, 55:3, pp. 34075.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Zaki, Jamil. ( 2019), The War for Kindness: Building Empathy in a Fractures World, New York:: Penguin Random House;.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Zhao, Mengxian, and Chen, Shihui. ( 2018;), ‘ The effects of structured physical activity program on social interaction and communication for children with autism. ’, Bio Medical Research International, 107, pp. 113.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Bella, Maria, and Sipsa, Zoi. ( 2021;), ‘ Strengthening empathy in children with autism: A single-case study of a music and movement programme. ’, International Journal of Music in Early Childhood, 16:1, pp. 10521, https://doi.org/10.1386/ijmec_00030_1
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1386/ijmec_00030_1
Loading
/content/journals/10.1386/ijmec_00030_1
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Article
Keyword(s): autism; behaviours; emotional recognition; empathy; movement; music
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a success
Invalid data
An error occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error