Waste handling model and practices used at red meat abattoirs in the Free State province, South Africa | Intellect Skip to content
Volume 7, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 1474-2748
  • E-ISSN: 2040-0551


Despite legislation governing the handling of red meat abattoirs waste in South Africa, irregularities still occur. Economic conditions in South Africa force under-privileged communities to scavenge on landfill sites, dumping grounds and abattoir disposal sites. Condemned products/carcasses are eaten by scavengers which could lead to significant health problems, disease and death. The waste products generated and the waste disposal strategies used was determined. A condemned product waste handling model was developed, causing minimum environmental pollution, reducing health risks and adding value to these products. Waste handling practices of 78 red meat abattoirs were determined by administering questionnaires and site visits. Most condemned products were buried/burned whereas most blood was disposed of into municipal drainage systems with the waste water. Limited by-product processing, denaturing and incineration took place. Minimal amounts of stomach contents and manure were utilized as compost but were mostly dumped on municipal landfill sites or farm land.


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