Skip to content
1981
Volume 13, Issue 2-3
  • ISSN: 1754-9221
  • E-ISSN: 1754-923X

Abstract

This text studies three contemporary African films that look at the westernized patriarchal societies in Burkina Faso, Nigeria and Senegal. The female main characters in the Senegalese (2002), by Moussa Sène Absa, the Burkinabe () (2017), by Apolline Traoré, and the Nigerian (2019), by Akin Omotoso, all face economic and gender subalternization and end up being involved in violence in order to confront it. So as to use an appropriate methodology, we first argue that African film is multilingual, as much linguistically as in terms of cinematic grammar. In order to understand how the female characters navigate their subalternized roles in narratives that look at their subjugation, we then analyse each film regarding the ways how they try, mostly unsuccessfully, to affirm their subjectivity and which multilingual cinematographic grammars are used for this.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1386/jac_00048_1
2021-12-01
2024-07-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Absa, Moussa Sène. ( 2002), Madame Brouette, Canada, France and Senegal:: Les Productions La Fête, Les Productions de la Lanterne and MSA Productions;.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Achebe, Chinua. ( 1994;), ‘ The African writer and the English language. ’, in P. Williams, and L. Chrisman. (eds), Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader, New York:: Columbia University Press;, pp. 42834.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Arendt, Hannah. ( 1955), The Origins of Totalitarianism, London:: George Allen and Unwin;.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Butler, Judith. ( 2020), The Force of Non-Violence, New York:: Verso;.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Fanon, Frantz. ( 1963), The Wretched of the Earth, New York:: Grove;.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Fu-Kiau, Bunseki. ( 2001), African Cosmology of the Bantu-Kongo, New York:: Athelia Henrietta Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Hawthorne, Walter, and Lingna Nafafé, José. ( 2016;), ‘ The historical roots of multicultural unity along the upper Guinea coast and in Guinea-Bissau. ’, Social Dynamics, 42:1, pp. 3145.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Heidegger, Martin. ( 2011;), ‘ The origin of the work of art. ’, in D. F. Krell. (ed.), Basic Writings, Abingdon:: Routledge Classics;, pp. 6582.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Lingna Nafafé, José. ( 2007), Colonial Encounters: Issues of Culture, Hybridity and Creolisation, Portuguese Mercantile Settlers in West Africa, New York:: Peter Lang;.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. M’Baye, Babacar, and Muhonja, Besi Brillian. (eds) ( 2019), Gender and Sexuality in Senegalese Societies: Critical Perspectives and Methods, Lanham, MD:: Lexington Books;.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Metz, Christian. ( 1964;), ‘ Le cinema: langue ou language?. ’, Communications, 4, pp. 5290.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Metz, Christian. ( 1971), Linguagem e cinema, São Paulo:: Editora Perspectiva;.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Mudimbe, Victor Yves. ( 2019), A invenção de África, São Paulo:: Ediora Vozes;.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Naficy, Hamid. ( 2001), Accented Cinema, Princeton, NJ:: Princeton University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Omotoso, Akin. ( 2019), The Ghost and the House of Truth, Nigeria:: Temple Productions;.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Segato, Rita Laura. ( 2012;), ‘ Gênero e colonialidade: em busca de chaves de leitura e de um vocabulário estratégico descolonial. ’, e-cadernos CES, http://journals.openedition.org/eces/1533. Accessed 29 October 2020.
  17. Spivak, Gayatri. ( 1988;), ‘ Can the subaltern speak?. ’, in C. Nelson, and L. Grossberg. (eds), Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, London:: Macmillan;, pp. 271313.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Spivak, Gayatri. ( 2005;), ‘ Scattered speculations on the subaltern and the popular. ’, Postcolonial Studies, 8:4, pp. 47586.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Traoré, Apolline. ( 2017), Frontières (Borders), Burkina Faso:: Araucania Films and Les Films Selmon;.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Wa Thiong’o, Ngũgĩ. ( 1986), Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature, Nairobi:: East African Educational Publishers;.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Ferreira, Carolin Overhoff, and Lingna Nafafe, José. ( 2021;), ‘ The grammar of violence of subalternized women: Three examples of contemporary African films. ’, Journal of African Cinemas, 13:2&3, pp. 99117, https://doi.org/10.1386/jac_00048_1
    [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1386/jac_00048_1
Loading
/content/journals/10.1386/jac_00048_1
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a success
Invalid data
An error occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error