Skip to content
1981
Volume 3, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN: 1751-9411
  • E-ISSN: 1751-942X

Abstract

Islam is now the second largest religion and continues to grow rapidly, with about 1.61 billion Muslims worldwide. However, many misconceptions about this religion and its followers still persist in the United States due to media portrayals, cultural and language barriers, and lack of understanding of true Islam. Critics argue that the oversimplification of Islam's principles has contributed to an ethnocentric bias among citizens. This study analyses the content of three elite newspapers: and . The main purpose is to determine (1) whether American newspapers depicted Muslims more negatively after September 11, 2001, and (2) whether they significantly differed in their portrayal of Muslims a year before September 11 and a year after the terrorist attack. The study drew a stratified random sample of ten Sunday issues of each newspaper (e.g., five issues prior to September 11 and five issues after the tragic event) and analysed the editorial content of each selected issue. The findings revealed that all three newspapers portrayed Muslims more negatively after September 11, but that they did not significantly differ in their portrayal of Islam. Each newspaper had allotted more unfavourable terms than favourable and neutral terms combined for both periods. The dominant negative terms labelled Muslims as terrorists, extremists, fundamentalists, radicals, and fanatics. This study calls for future research to analyse the portrayal of Muslims in friendly as well as unfriendly countries to the United States.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1386/jammr.3.1-2.3_1
2010-11-01
2024-06-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1386/jammr.3.1-2.3_1
Loading
  • Article Type: Article
Keyword(s): bias; Islam; Muslims; newspapers; stereotypes; terrorism
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a success
Invalid data
An error occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error