ソマティック実践とダンスの小史:ソマティック・エデュケーションの歴史的展開とダンスとの関係1 | Intellect Skip to content
1981
Volume 14 Number 1
  • ISSN: 1757-1871
  • E-ISSN: 1757-188X

Abstract

本稿は、ソマティック・ムーヴメント実践の歴史的発展について、特にダンス、ダンサー、そしてダンス教育機関に関わる事柄を概説する。

はじめに、20世紀の転換期に「古典的な」ソマティック技法(アレクサンダーからトレガーまで)が登場する以前の歴史的な事件、文化的な潮流、個人的な出来事を記す。その上で、「ソマティック・ムーヴメント・エデュケーション・アンド・セラピー」を定義し、ソマティック実践者ら3世代にわたって成長してきたソマティック・ムーヴメント・プログラムについて説明する。

[本研究で得られた]2インタビュー・データから明らかになったのは、第2世代の多くがダンサーであったこと、そしてダンス専門家たちの「ボディマインド思考」が「ダンス・ソマティクス」と同様に、ソマティック・ムーヴメントのトレーニングとソマティック・エデュケーションの発展を形成し続けていることである。

最後に、ダンスとソマティック・ムーヴメントの両方が西洋文化のなかで疎外されているという問題を提起する。そして両者の共通の特徴と推進力を組み合わせることを提言することによって、ダンスとソマティック・ムーヴメントの[学術的な]位置づけを変えることを試みる。本稿のもう一つの所見は、世界的な図式のなかの「ソマティック・ダンス」の勢力と立ち位置を評価したことである3

Abstract

This article outlines the historical development of somatic movement practices especially as they relate to dance, dancers and dance education organizations. It begins with historical events, cultural trends and individual occurrences that led up to the emergence of the ‘classic’ somatic methods at the turn of the twentieth century (Alexander to Trager). It then defines ‘somatic movement education and therapy’, and the growth of three generations of somatic movement programmes. Interview data reveals how a second generation included a large proportion of dancers and speaks to how the ‘bodymind thinking’ of dance professionals continues to shape the training and development of somatic education, as well as ‘dance somatics’. Finally it raises the question of the marginalizing of both dance and somatic education, and points to combining forces with their shared characteristics to alter this location in western culture. Another finding seeks to assess the potency and placement of ‘somatic dance’ in a global schema.

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2023-01-19
2024-05-19
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  63. 本稿は、JSPS科研費基盤研究(C)「ソマティクスの実践・研究動向の海外調査、および基礎的・本質的概念の抽出と検討」(20K11500) の成果の一部である。
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  • Article Type: Article
Keyword(s): bodymind; SME&T; somatic education; somatic movement; somatics; therapy
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