Political power, performance and ritual: Cultural policy as a framework for the construction of political charisma in the city of Valencia (1991–2015) | Intellect Skip to content
1981
Volume 18, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 1740-8296
  • E-ISSN: 2040-0918

Abstract

The cultural dimension of politics is not secondary but rather a constitutive element of its social dynamics and of the logic of power, which must be visualized to be effective. Some authors, including Jeffrey Alexander and Randall Collins, have elaborated upon this dimension: the former with the concept of political performance, and the latter with rituals and social domination. The combination of the two perspectives is useful for us to look at the use of the inaugurations of momentous events and festivities with a new light – as a privileged instrument to legitimize a narrative of power and to create symbols of dominance embodied by political figures. This fabrication of narrative charisma in politics could be observed in Valencia (Spain) between 1991 and 2015, during the long political domination of conservative regionalism. Likewise, this case is a clear example of how almost absolute political dominance can fall apart, partly because of deficient performances and failed political rituals. This fact highlights the fragility, contingency of power and dependence on its symbolic performativity.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1386/macp_00056_1
2022-03-01
2024-02-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Águeda, Pedro. ( 2016;), ‘ El Tribunal Supremo cita como imputada a Rita Barberá el 21 de noviembre. ’, El Diario, 20 October, https://www.eldiario.es/politica/tribunal-supremo-rita-barbera-noviembre_1_3779500.html. Accessed 8 July 2022.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Aimeur, Carlos. ( 2015;), ‘ ¿Pero cómo pudimos llegar hasta aquí?. ’, Valencia Plaza, 15 May, p. 15.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Alberola, Miquel. ( 2013;), ‘ El balcón como metáfora de poder. El mirador del Ayuntamiento de Valencia es el punto evora más caliente de las Fallas. ’, El Pais, 13 March, p. 25.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Alcalá-Santaella, Felipe,, Orueta, Fernando Díaz,, Ginés, Xavier, and Lourés, Maria L.. ( 2011;), ‘ Valencia. ’, in M. Iglesias. et al. (eds), Políticas urbanas en España. Grandes ciudades, actores y gobiernos locales, Barcelona:: Icaria;, pp. 20127.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Alexander, Jeffrey C.. ( 1988;), ‘ Culture and political crisis: “Watergate” and Durkheimian sociology. ’, in J. C. Alexander. (ed.), Durkheimian Sociology: Cultural Studies, Cambridge:: Cambridge University Press;, pp. 187224.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Alexander, Jeffrey C.. ( 2004;), ‘ Cultural pragmatics: Social performance between ritual and strategy. ’, Sociological Theory, 22:4, pp. 52773.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Alexander, Jeffrey C.. ( 2010), The Performance of Politics: Obama’s Victory and the Democratic Struggle for Power, Oxford:: Oxford University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Alexander, Jeffrey C.. ( 2011), Performative Revolution in Egypt: An Essay in Cultural Power, London:: Bloomsbury;.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Alexander, Jeffrey C.. ( 2016;), ‘ Performance and politics: President Obama’s dramatic reelection in 2012. ’, TDR: The Drama Review, 60:4, pp. 13042.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Alexander, Jeffrey C.. ( 2017), The Drama of Social Life, Cambridge, MA:: Polity Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Alexander, Jeffrey C.,, Giesen, Bernhard, and Mast, Jason L.. ( 2006), Social Performance: Symbolic Action, Cultural Pragmatics, and Ritual, Cambridge:: Cambridge University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Antebi, A., and Pujol, A.. ( 2008), Entre el poder y la evora. Una etnohistoria del Carnaval de Barcelona, Barcelona:: Generalitat de Catalunya;.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Ariño Villarroya, Antonio. ( 1992;), ‘ La fiesta de las Fallas. La liturgia civil del valencianismo temperamental. ’, Revista De Antropología Social, 1, pp. 2960.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Auyero, Javier, and Benzecry, Claudio. ( 2017;), ‘ The practical logic of political domination: Conceptualizing the clientelist habitus. ’, Sociological Theory, 35:3, pp. 17999.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Barker, C.. ( 2012), Cultural Studies: Theory and Practice, London:: Sage Publications;.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Barrio, Astrid. ( 2020;), ‘ El feble arrelament del populisme a Espanya. ’, Debats.Revista De Cultura, Poder I Societat, 134:1, pp. 23346.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Birnbaum, N.. ( 1955;), ‘ Monarchs and sociologists. ’, Sociological Review, 3:1, pp. 523.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Boix, Rafael,, Raussell, Pau, and Abeledo, Raül. ( 2017;), ‘ The Calatrava model: Reflections on resilience and urban plasticity. ’, European Planning Studies, 25:1, pp. 2947.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Borja, J.. ( 2018;), ‘ Transiciones, ilusiones, frustraciones y esperanzas. ’, Debats. Revista De Cultura, Poder i Societat, 132:1, pp. 2538.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Castelló-Cogollos, Rafael. ( 2017;), ‘ Estats, nacions i societats. El cas valencià. ’, Debats. Revista De Cultura, Poder i Societat, 131:2, pp. 6578.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Castillo, Sergi. ( 2013), Tierra de saqueo. La trama valenciana de Gürtel, Valls:: Ediciones Lectio;.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Collins, Randall. ( 1988;), ‘ The Durkheimian tradition in conflict sociology. ’, in J. C. Alexander. (ed.), Durkheimian Sociology: Cultural Studies, Cambridge:: Cambridge University Press;, pp. 10728.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Collins, Randall. ( 2005), Interaction Ritual Chains, Princeton, NJ:: Princeton University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Collins, Randall. ( 2009a), Cadenas deevoras de interacción, Barcelona:: Anthropos;.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Collins, Randall. ( 2009b), Conflict Sociology: A Sociological Classic Updated, London:: Paradigm;.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Collins, Randall. ( 2020), Charisma: Micro-Sociology of Power and Influence, London:: Routledge;.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Comunian, Roberta. ( 2011;), ‘ Rethinking the creative city. ’, Urban Studies, 48:6, pp. 115779.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Cucó, Alfons. ( 2002), Roig i blau: la transició democràtica Valenciana, vol. 14, València:: Tàndem;.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Cuquerella, Toni. ( 2015;), ‘ Sí, Rita Barberá se burló de las víctimas del metro. ’, Eldiario, 4 March, p. 24.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Derqui, Luz. ( 2005;), ‘ Apoteósica inauguración del Palau de les Arts. ’, ABC, 9 October, p. 61.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Durán, Luis F.. ( 2017;), ‘ El hígado mató a Rita Barberá. ’, El Mundo, 5 February, https://www.elmundo.es/cronica/2017/02/05/5894e95ee5fdea33678b4646.html. Accessed 8 July 2022.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Durkheim, Émile. ( 2007), Las formas elementales de la vida religiosa, Madrid:: Akal;.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Eagleton, Terry. ( 2001), La idea de cultura: una mirada política sobre los conflictos culturales, vol. 16, Barcelona:: Paidós;.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Flor, Vicent. ( 2011), Novesevoras a Espanya. Anticatalanisme i identitat valenciana, Barcelona:: Afers;.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Flor, Vicent. ( 2015), Societat anònima, València:: Editorial Afers;.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Geertz, Clifford. ( 1994), Conocimiento local. Ensayos sobre la interpretación de las culturas, Barcelona:: Paidós;.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Generalitat Valenciana ( 2018), Pressupostos de la Generalitat Valenciana 2018. Quadre de finançament del sectorevorac instrumental de la Generalitat. Fundació Palau de les Arts, València:: Generalitat Valenciana;.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Gilmore, David D.. ( 1998), Carnival and Culture: Sex, Symbol, and Status in Spain, New Haven, CT:: Yale University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Gisbert Gracia, V., and Rius-Ulldemolins, J.. ( 2020;), ‘ ¿La reina de la fiesta? Fiestas tradicionales y reproducción de la desigualdad de género. El caso de las Fallas de València. ’, Disparidades. Revista De Antropología, 75:2, pp. 2543.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Hernàndez i Martí, Gil-Manuel. ( 1996), Falles i Franquisme a València, Catarroja-Barcelona:: Afers;.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Jansma, Judith. ( 2019;), ‘ La cultura en nom del poble? Cap a una tipologia del populisme i la cultura. ’, Debats. Revista De Cultura, Poder i Societat, 133:2, pp. 2742.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Landry, Charles. ( 1995), The Creative City, London:: Routledge;.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Lloyd, Richard, and Clark, Therry Nichols. ( 2001;), ‘ The city as entertainment machine. ’, in K. F. Gotham. (ed.), Critical Perspectives on Urban Redevelopment. Research in Urban Sociology, Oxford:: JAI Press and Elsevier;.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. López García, Guillermo. ( 2020;), ‘ Presentació del monogràfic. ‘Els Valencians davant les urnes: partits evoras, mitjans de comunicació i ciutadans davant els processos electorals de 2019. ’, Debats. Revista De Cultura, Poder i Societat, 134:1, pp. 69.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Maiques, Boira, and Vicent, Josep. ( 2012), Valencia, la tormenta perfecta, Barcelona:: RBA;.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Marina de València ( 2016), Consorcio Valencia 2007. Memoria del ejercicioIl terminado el 31 de diciembre de 2015, València:: Marina de València;.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Moix, Llàtzer. ( 2016), Queríamos un Calatrava: viajes arquitectónicos por la seducción y el repudio, Barcelona:: Anagrama;.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Mukerji, Chandra. ( 2010;), ‘ The territorial state as a figured world of power: Strategics, logistics, and impersonal rule. ’, Sociological Theory, 28:4, pp. 40224.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Muñoz, Francesc. ( 2010), Urbanalización. Paievoraomunes, lugares globales, Barcelona:: Gustavo Gili;.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Muñoz, Ignasi. ( 2017;), ‘ Les victimes del metro busquen respostes 11 anys després. ’, Diari La Veu, 4 June, p. 25.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Observatori Crític dels Mitjans ( 2013), El ‘sac sense fons’ de CaIal 9 i els seus beneficiaris, Barcelona:: Observatori Crític dels Mitjans;.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Oficina d’Estadística Ajuntament de València ( 2019), Estadística evoraciutat de València. Anuari 2018, València:: Ajuntament de València;.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Pavia, J. M., and Aybar, C.. ( 2020;), ‘ La mobilitat electoral en les eleccions de 2019 a la Comunitat Valenciana. ’, Debats. Revista De Cultura, Ioder i Societat, 134:1, pp. 2751.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Peris Blanes, À.. ( 2017;), ‘ Imaginar la nació a través de la ficció televisiva: memòria, proxImitat i vida diària. ’, Debats. Revista De Cultura, Poder i Societat, 130:1, pp. 3148.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Prytherch, David L.. ( 2003;), ‘ Urban planning and a Europe transformed: The landscape politics of scale in Valencia. ’, Cities, 20:6, pp. 42128.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Puncel Chornet, A.. ( 1999;), ‘ Valencia: opciones, desorden y modernidad, o la ciudad sedevora a sí misma. ’, Scripta Nova. Revista Electrónica De Geografía y Ciencias Sociales, 47, pp. 116.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Rai, Shirin M.. ( 2015;), ‘ Political performance: A framework for analysing democratic politics. ’, Political Studies, 63:5, pp. 117997.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Ratiu, Dan Eugen. ( 2013;), ‘ Creative cities and/or sustainable cities: Discourses and practices. ’, City, Culture and Society, 4:3, pp. 12535.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Rausell Köster, Pau. ( 2006;), ‘ Consideraciones sobre el tránsito de Valencia hacia la Ciudad Global. ’, Revista Ciudades, 71, pp. 4957.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Reed, Isaac Ariail. ( 2019;), ‘ Performative state-formation in the early American republic. ’, American Sociological Review, 84:2, pp. 33467.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Rius-Ulldemolins, Joaquim. ( 2014;), ‘ Culture and authenticity in urban regeneration processes: Place branding in central Barcelona. ’, Urban Studies, 51:14, pp. 302645.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Rius-Ulldemolins, Joaquim. ( 2020;), ‘ Opera houses as cultural white elephants? The effect of the creative city model, bureaucratic mismanagement and lack of accountability in Valencia’s opera house. ’, Cultural Trends, 30:3, pp. 199221.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Rius-Ulldemolins, Joaquim, and Gisbert, Verònica. ( 2019;), ‘ The costs of putting Valencia on the map: The hidden side of regional entrepreneurialism, “creative city” and strategic projects. ’, European Planning Studies, 27:2, pp. 37795.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Rius-Ulldemolins, Joaquim,, Gisbert, Verònica, and Vera, Carles. ( 2021;), ‘ Traditional festivities, political domination and social reproduction: Case analysis of Valencia’s Fallas. ’, European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology, 8:1, pp. 734.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Rius-Ulldemolins, Joaquim,, Hernàndez, I. Mart, and Torres, Francisco. ( 2016;), ‘ Urban development and cultural policy “white elephants”: Barcelona and Valencia. ’, European Planning Studies, 24:1, pp. 6175.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. Roig, Rosa. ( 2020;), ‘ Un govern de coalició a la valenciana: el Botànic. ’, Debats. Revista De Cultura, Poder i Societat, 134:1, pp. 15569.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Romero, Juan,, Brandis, Dolores,, Delgado, Carmen,, García, José León,, Moreno, María Luisa Gómez,, Olcina, Jorge,, Rullan, Onofre,, Vera, Fernando, and Vicente, Joan. ( 2018;), ‘ Aproximación a la Geografía del despilfarro en España: balance de las últimas dos décadas. ’, Boletín De La Asociación De Geógrafos Españoles, 77: June, pp. 151.
    [Google Scholar]
  68. Santamarina, Beatriz, and Moncusí, Albert. ( 2013;), ‘ De huertas y barracas a galaxias faraónicas. Percepciones sociales de la mutación de Valencia. ’, Papers. Revista De Sociologia, 99:2, pp. 36591.
    [Google Scholar]
  69. Saward, Michael. ( 2006;), ‘ The representative claim. ’, Contemporary Political Theory, 5:3, pp. 297318.
    [Google Scholar]
  70. Schlecner, Richard. ( 2013), Performance Studies: An Introduction, London:: Routledge;.
    [Google Scholar]
  71. Shils, Edward. ( 1965;), ‘ Charisma, order, and status. ’, American Sociological Review, 30:2, pp. 199213.
    [Google Scholar]
  72. Shils, Edward, and Young, Michael. ( 1953;), ‘ The meaning of the coronation. ’, Sociological Review, 1:2, pp. 6381.
    [Google Scholar]
  73. Sorribes, Josep. ( 2007), Rita Barberá. El pensamiento vacío, València:: Els llibres;.
    [Google Scholar]
  74. Verdú Cueco, Yolanda. ( 2010;), ‘ El tratamiento del urbanismo y del agua en los informativos de Canal 9. ’, Arxius De Sociologia, 23, pp. 13748.
    [Google Scholar]
  75. Vidal Climent, Vicente. ( 2016;), ‘ La Planificacion Estratégica Urbana: innovación y comunicació para renovar la ciudad. Estudio de caso: el primer plan Estratégico de Valencia. ’, Ph.D. thesis, València:: Universidad Cardenal Herrera CEU;.
    [Google Scholar]
  76. Vrhoci, Dora. ( 2019;), ‘ El paradís perdut: el populisme explicat com a resposta a la naturalesa fragmentària del temps, I’espai i la rapidesa de l’avanç tecnològic. ’, Debats. Revista De CulturI, Poder i Societat, 133:2, pp. 5570.
    [Google Scholar]
  77. Wollen, Peter. ( 2001;), ‘ Gobernar mediante las apariencias. ’, New Left Review, September–October, pp. 4254.
    [Google Scholar]
  78. Xiaohong, Xu, and Gorski, Philip S.. ( 2010;), ‘ The cultural of the political: Towards a cultural sociology of state formation. ’, in J. R. Hall,, L. Grinstaff, and M.-C. Lo. (eds), Handbook of Cultural Sociology, London:: Routledge;, pp. 53547.
    [Google Scholar]
  79. Zukin, Sharon. ( 1995), The Cultures of Cities, Oxford:: Blackwell;.
    [Google Scholar]
  80. Rius-Ulldemolins, Joaquim, and Díaz-Solano, Pau. ( 2022;), ‘ Political power, performance and ritual: Cultural policy as a framework for the construction of political charisma in the city of Valencia (1991–2015). ’, International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 18:1, pp. 2145, https://doi.org/10.1386/macp_00056_1
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1386/macp_00056_1
Loading
/content/journals/10.1386/macp_00056_1
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a success
Invalid data
An error occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error