‘Ancien folklore québécois’: An analysis of the phonographic and identity-based narrative of the métal noir québécois community | Intellect Skip to content
1981
Volume 5, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 2052-3998
  • E-ISSN: 2052-4005

Abstract

Black metal is often considered as being one of the most transgressive subgenres of extreme metal music, especially because of its thematic (e.g. Satanism, nationalism, national socialism). In Québec (Canada), the black metal scene – and more specifically the (MNQ) community – uses themes linked with nationalism, which are transmitted through French lyrics and folk music. Thus, I argue that MNQ members, through their music and discourses, are building a phonographic narrative and an identity-based narrative, which takes its root in Québec’s history and black metal ideology. In order to identify the phonographic narrative of MNQ, I will analyse a song from MNQ repertoire, ‘Ancien folklore québécois’ (Neige et Noirceur 2010), by focusing on the textual narrative elements, while linking them with the musicological parameters of popular music. Finally, I will focus on the concept of identity-based narrative by using the discourses of the community’s members gathered through ethnographic interviews.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1386/mms.5.3.379_1
2019-09-01
2024-04-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Alarie, Philippe. ( 2008;), ‘ Chanson et identité: étude de la chanson émergeante au Québec. ’, MA dissertation, Montréal:: Université du Québec à Montréal;.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Assaku, Assag. ( 2012a;), ‘ Entrevue avec Martin Marcotte (Sepulchral Productions). ’, Métal obscur, 15 October, http://metalobscur.com/2012/10/15/entrevue-avec-martin-marcotte-sepulchral-productions/. Accessed 19 November 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Assaku, Assag. ( 2012b;), ‘ Entrevue avec Matrak Tveskaeg (Chasse-Galerie, Mêlée des Aurores). ’, Métal obscur, 21 May, http://metalobscur.com/tag/metal-noir-quebecois/. Accessed 25 November 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Balthazar, Louis. ( 2013), Nouveau bilan du nationalisme, Montréal:: VLB;.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bédard, Éric. ( 2011), Recours aux sources. Essai sur notre rapport au passé, Montréal:: Les éditions du Boréal;.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Béland, Daniel, and Lecours, André. ( 2011;), ‘ Le nationalisme et la gauche au Québec. ’, Globe: À courant et à contre-courant: Les gauches québécoises depuis 1960, 14:1, pp. 3752.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bellemare, Luc. ( 2012;), ‘ Trad and Néo-trad. ’, in J. Shepherd, and D. Horn. (eds), Continuum Encyclopaedia of Popular Music of the World. Volume VIII. Genres: North America, New York:: The Continuum International Publishing Group;, pp. 50716.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bénard, Nadège. ( 2013), Le Metal Folklorique: Entre tradition et modernité, Rosières en Haye:: Camion Blanc;.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Béranger, Hainaut. ( 2012;), ‘ Le style black metal. ’, master thesis, Paris: Université Paris Sorbonne.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Blanc Feu ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Québec , 27 September.
  11. Brume d’Automne ( 2012), Brume d’automne, CD , Montréal:: Sepulchral Productions;.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Buckner, Phillip A.. ( 2013;), ‘ Rébellion du Bas-Canada. ’, The Canadian Encyclopedia, 24 July, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/fr/article/rebellion-du-bas-canada. Accessed 27 April 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Chasse-Galerie ( 2011), Manifeste, EP , Québec:: Productions Frères Chasseurs;.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Cynthia. ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Montréal , 26 November.
  15. Dagenais, Maxime. ( 2006;), ‘ Fils de la liberté. ’, L’Encyclopédie du Canada, 7 February 2006, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/fr/article/fils-de-la-liberte. Accessed 24 September 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Forteresse ( 2016), Thèmes pour la rébellion, CD , Montréal:: Sepulchral Productions;.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Frith, Simon. ( 1996), Performing Rites: On the Value of Popular Music, Cambridge, MA:: Harvard University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Frozen Shadows ( 1999), Dans les bras des immortels, CD , Montréal:: Sepulchral Productions;.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Genette, Gérard. ( [1972] 2007), Discours du récit, Paris:: Le Seuil;.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Ghorn. ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Québec , 14 December.
  21. Girardet Raoul ( 2019;), ‘ Nationalisme. ’, Encyclopaedia Universialis, http://www.universalis-edu.com.acces.bibl.ulaval.ca/encyclopedie/nationalisme/. Accessed 3 July 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Kahn-Harris, Keith. ( 2004;), ‘ The failure of youth culture: Reflexivity, music and politics in the black metal scene. ’, European Journal of Cultural Studies, 7:1, pp. 95111.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Kurtagić, Alex. ( 2010;), ‘ Conservative revolution in modern popular culture. ’, The Occidental Quarterly, 1:1, pp. 2338.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. La bottine souriante ( 1978), Y’a ben du changement, CD , Montréal:: Le Tamanoir;.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Lacasse, Serge. ( 2006;), ‘ Stratégies narratives dans “Stan” d’Eminem: Le rôle de la voix et de la technologie dans l’articulation du récit phonographique. ’, Protée, 34:2&3, pp. 1126.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. ‘La marche annuelle des patriotes’ ( 2018), Vigiles.québec, https://vigile.quebec/articles/la-marche-annuelle-des-patriotes. Accessed 20 May 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Léger, Robert. ( 2003), La chanson québécoise en question, Montréal:: Québec/Amérique;.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Les Cowboys Fringants ( 2002), Break syndical, CD , Montréal:: La Tribu;.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Lucas, Caroline,, Deeks, Mark, and Spracklen, Karl. ( 2011;), ‘ Grim up north: Northern England, northern Europe and black metal. ’, Journal for Cultural Research, 15:3, pp. 27995.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. MacGregor, Adam. ( 2006;), ‘ Dusted review. ’, Dusted, 11 June, http://www.dustedmagazine.com/reviews/2945. Accessed 24 January 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Maspero, David, and Ribaric, Max. ( 2014), As Sheep among Us: La saga funeste du NSBM, Rosières-en-Haye:: Camion noir;.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Matrak. ( 2014), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent and Vivek Venkatesh, Québec , 24 October.
  33. Maspero, David, and Ribaric, Max. ( 2018), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Québec , 2 March.
  34. Mes Aïeux ( 2004), En famille, CD , Montréal:: Disques Victoire;.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Meunier, E.-Martin. ( 2016;), ‘ La grande noirceur canadienne-française dans l’historiographie et la mémoire québécoises: Revisiter une interprétation convenue. ’, Presses de Sciences Po, 1:129, pp. 4359.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Middleton, Richard. ( 1990), Studying Popular Music, Philadelphia, PA:: Open University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Moribond. ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Québec , 17 June.
  38. Myrkhaal. ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Montréal , 3 July.
  39. Nadeau, Christian. ( 2012;), ‘ Quel projet pour la gauche et la social-démocratie au Québec?. ’, in C. Nadeau. (ed.), L’état du Québec 2012, Saint-Laurent:: Fides;, pp. 16470.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Neal, Jocelyn R.. ( 2007;), ‘ Narrative paradigms, musical signifiers, and forms as function in country music. ’, Music Theory Spectrum, 29:1, pp. 4172.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Negus, Keith. ( 2012;), ‘ Narrative time and the popular song. ’, Popular Music and Society, 35:4, pp. 483500.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Neige et Noirceur ( 2010), La seigneurie des loups, CD , Montréal:: Sepulchral Productions;.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Neige et Noirceur ( 2014), Gouffre onirique et abîmes cosmiques, CD , Montréal:: Sepulchral Productions;.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Neige et Noirceur ( 2016), Les ténèbres modernes, CD , Montréal:: Sepulchral Productions;.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Nicholls, David. ( 2007;), ‘ Narrative theory as analytical tool in the study of popular music text. ’, Music & Letters, 88:2, pp. 297315.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Olson, Benjamin Hedge. ( 2011;), ‘ Voice of our blood: National socialist discourses in black metal. ’, Popular Music History, 6:2, pp. 13549.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Outre-Tombe. ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Montréal , 24 November.
  48. Parenteau Danic et Ian Parenteau ( 2017), Les idéologies politiques: le clivage gauche-droite, Québec:: Les presses de l’Université du Québec;.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Piroth, Scott. ( 2008;), ‘ Popular music and identity in Quebec. ’, American Review of Canadian Studies, 38:2, pp. 14564.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Radovanović, Bojana. ( 2016;), ‘ Ideologies and discourses: Extreme narratives in extreme metal music. ’, Art + Media: Journal of Art and Media Studies, 10, pp. 5158.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Ricoeur, Paul. ( 2000), La mémoire, l’histoire, l’oubli, Paris:: Éditions du Seuil;.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Sibilla, Gianni. ( 2003;), ‘ Fragments of musical/narratological practice: Reading pop music as a narrative, musicians as characters. ’, in A. Gyde, and G. Stahl. (eds), Practicing Popular Music: 12th Biennial Conference IASPM-International Conference Montreal 2003 Proceedings, http://www.iaspm.net/archive/IASPM03sm.pdf. Accessed 25 September 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Sion Daus ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Montréal , 27 November.
  54. Spracklen, Karl,, Lucas, Caroline, and Deek, Mark. ( 2014;), ‘ The construction of Heavy Metal identity through heritage narratives: A case study of extreme metal bands in the North of England. ’, Popular Music and Society, 37:1, pp. 4864.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Stan ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Québec , 3 October.
  56. St-Jean, France. ( 2009;), ‘ Images du patriote: Objets commémoratifs, intention variables. ’, Ph.D. thesis, Montréal: Université du Québec à Montréal.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. St-Laurent, Méi-Ra. ( 2019;), ‘ “Le métal noir québécois”: Analyse du récit identitaire d’une communauté marginale. ’, Ph.D. thesis, Québec: Université Laval.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Tagg, Philip. ( 2013), Music’s Meaning: A Modern Musicology for Non-Musos, New York:: The Mass Media Music Scholars’ Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Thorleif. ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Québec , 16 December.
  60. Vaillancourt, Daniel. ( 2001;), ‘ Les têtes à patriotes: Une figure retorse au XIXe siècle. ’, Voix et images, 26:3, pp. 45673.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Vanarkh ( 2012;), ‘ Haine et tradition. ’, Rocknballs, 18 May, http://www.rocknballs.com/interview-forteresse_2012-05-18. Accessed 18 June 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Venkatesh, Vivek,, Wallin, Jason,, Castro, Juan Carlos, and Lewis, Jason Edward. ( 2014;), ‘ From pride to prejudice to shame: Multiple facets of the black metal scene within and without online environments. ’, in V. Venkatesh, J. Wallin,, J. C. Castro, and J. E. Lewis. (eds), Educational, Psychological, and Behavioral Considerations in Niche Online Communities, Hershey, PA:: IGI Global;.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Winterthrone ( 2016), interviewed by Méi-Ra St-Laurent, Québec , 12 April.
  64. St-Laurent, M.. ( 2019;), ‘ “Ancien folklore québécois”: An analysis of the phonographic and identity-based narrative of the métal noir québécois community. ’, Metal Music Studies, 5:3, pp. 379399, doi: 10.1386/mms.5.3.379_1
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1386/mms.5.3.379_1
Loading
/content/journals/10.1386/mms.5.3.379_1
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a success
Invalid data
An error occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error