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Volume 25, Issue 49
  • ISSN: 0845-4450
  • E-ISSN: 2048-6928



A look at the ironic sensibility of artist's reactions to the World Trade Center attack by turning to media that historically have been coded as incapable of performing seriousness and competence - comics, animation and video games. The article provides close readings of: Art Spiegelman's comic In the Shadow of No Towers, Joe Peragine's animation 9/11/01, and Ben Langlands and Nikki Bell's video game The House of Osama bin Laden. Together, works highlight the inadequacy not only of their responses, but of any response.


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  • Article Type: Article
Keyword(s): animation; comics; irony; September 11; trauma; video games
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