Packers, dilators and the options for either male or female: Navigating movement of transgender and gender non-conforming bodies, appearances and luggage through airport security | Intellect Skip to content
1981
Volume 7, Issue 2-3
  • ISSN: 2050-0726
  • E-ISSN: 2050-0734

Abstract

Abstract

In this article, we investigate the experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) individuals leading up to and moving through Transportation Security Administration (TSA) airport lines. We used a qualitative research method and analysed fourteen in-depth interviews of TGNC individuals. Based upon analysis of the data, three larger themes emerged, each with several subthemes. First, the TGNC participants engaged in Second, as participants moved through security, they frequently experienced from the TSA agents. Lastly, participants actively thought about passing, or tried to dress in a way where they were perceived as passing as a binary gender. TGNC bodies are rendered as potential threats in binary spaces, specifically those spaces with the purpose of surveillance. In the case of TSA, they disrupt hegemonic expectations surrounding gender and require additional emotional, physical and financial labour. Despite proactivity from other parties to gain them equal access to binary spaces, TGNC individuals still experience, in some cases, additional scrutiny, observation and intensified analysis before being granted access through entryways deemed suitable only to the long-standing hierarchy of the gender binary.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1386/fspc_00016_1
2020-03-01
2024-02-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bockting, W.,, Benner, A., and Coleman, E.. (2009);, 'Gay and bisexual identity development among female-to-male transsexuals in North America: Emergence of a transgender sexuality'. , Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38:5, pp. 688-701.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bowers, M.. (2018);, 'Post-op care (GRS)'. , Marci L. Bowers, M.D.. Genecology Surgery, https://marcibowers.com/mtf/your-surgery/post-op-care/. Accessed 30 September 2018 .
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Brito, J.. (2017);, 'What is deadnaming?'. , Heathline, 19 October, https://www.healthline.com/health/transgender/deadnaming. Accessed 30 September 2018 .
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Butler, J.. (1990), Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, New York:: Routledge;.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Center for LGBTQIA+ Student Success (2017);, 'Terms and definitions'. , 17 October, https://center.dso.iastate.edu/sites/default/files/Terms and Definitions for website (Oct 2017).pdf. Accessed 26 September 2018 .
  6. Chapin, A.. (2015);, 'Underwear for trans people: The torture of binding, tucking and packing is over'. , The Guardian, 24 September, https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/sep/24/underwear-for-transgender-people-shapewear Accessed 16 July 2018 .
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Charles, C.. (2015);, 'Dear TSA, my body is not an anomaly'. , Advocate, 1 October, https://www.advocate.com/commentary/2015/10/01/dear-tsa-my-body-not-anomaly. Accessed 14 July 2018 .
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Corbin, J., and Strauss, A.. (1990);, 'Grounded theory research: Procedures, canons, and evaluative criteria'. , Qualitative Sociology, 13:1, pp. 3-21.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Creswell, J. W.. (2013);, Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. , Los Angeles, CA:: Sage;.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Currah, P., and Mulqueen, T.. (2011);, 'Securitizing gender: Identity, biometrics and transgender bodies at the airport'. , Social Research, 78:2, pp. 557-82.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Erickson-Schroth, L.. (2014), Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community, Oxford:: Oxford University Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Factor, R., and Rothblum, E.. (2008);, 'Exploring gender identity and community among three groups of transgender individuals in the United States: MTFs, FTMs, and genderqueers'. , Health Sociology Review, 17:3, pp. 235-53.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Fischer, C. T.. (2009);, 'Bracketing in qualitative research: Conceptual and practical matters'. , Psychotherapy Research, 19:4&5, pp. 583-90.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Foucault, M.. (1977), Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, New York:: Vintage Books;.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Glaser, B. G., and Strauss, A. L.. (1967), The Discover of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research, Chicago, IL:: Aldine Publishing;.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Grant, J. M.,, Mottet, L. A.,, Tanis, J.,, Harrison, J.,, Herman, J. L., and Keisling, M.. (2011);, 'Injustice at every turn: A report of the national transgender discrimination survey'. , National LGBTQ Task Force, http://www.thetaskforce.org/injustice-every-turn-report-national-transgender-discrimination-survey/. Accessed 16 July 2018 .
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hannan, C.. (2018);, 'Bottom surgery: What you need to know'. , Heathline, 10 May, https://www.healthline.com/health/transgender/bottom-surgery. Accessed 30 September 2018 .
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Kaiser, S. B.. (2012), Fashion and Cultural Studies, London:: Berg;.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kirkup, K.. (2009);, 'Indocile bodies: Gender identity and strip searches in Canadian criminal law'. , Canadian Journal of Law and Society, 24:1, pp. 107-25.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kunkle, F.. (2017);, 'Transgender passengers uneasy about TSA shift on pat-downs'. , The Washington Post, 25 March, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/tripping/wp/2017/03/25/transgender-passengers-uneasy-about-tsa-shift-on-pat-downs/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.80e89a778b3c. Accessed 14 July 2018 .
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Lawson, K.. (2017);, '27 percent of California teens are gender nonconforming'. , The Williams Institute UCLA School of Law, 14 December, https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/press/in-the-news/27-percent-california-teens-gender-nonconforming/. Accessed 14 July 2018 .
    [Google Scholar]
  22. National Center for Transgender Equality (2018);, 'Know your rights: Airport security'. , https://transequality.org/know-your-rights/airport-security. Accessed 14 July 2018 .
  23. Peitzmeier, S.,, Gardner, I.,, Weinand, J.,, Corbet, A., and Acevedo, K.. (2016);, 'Health impact of chest binding among transgender adults: A community engaged, cross-section study'. , Cultural Health Sex, 19:1, pp. 64-75.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Pollock, L., and Eyre, S. L.. (2012);, 'Growth in manhood: Identity development among female-to-male transgender youth'. , Culture, Health & Sexuality, 14:2, pp. 209-22.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Tate, C. C.,, Youssef, C. P., and Bettergarcia, J. N.. (2014);, 'Integrating the study of transgender spectrum and cisgender experiences of self-categorization from a personality perspective'. , Review of General Psychology, 18:4, pp. 302-12.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Transportation Security Administration (n.d.a);, 'Mission', Official website of the Department of Homeland Security. , https://www.tsa.gov/about/tsa-mission. Accessed 23 July 2018 .
  27. Transportation Security Administration (n.d.b);, 'Prosthesis, cast, support brace, sling, support alliance', Official website of the Department of Homeland Security. , https://www.tsa.gov/travel/special-procedures?field_disability_type_value=6 . Accessed 9 October 2018 .
  28. Transportation Security Administration (n.d.c);, 'Transgender passengers', Official website of the Department of Homeland Security. , https://www.tsa.gov/transgender-passengers. Accessed 14 July 2018 .
  29. Transportation Security Administration (n.d.d);, 'Transportation security timeline', Official website of the Department of Homeland Security. , https://www.tsa.gov/timeline. Accessed 23 July 2018 .
  30. Viera, A. J., and Garrett, J. M.. (2005);, 'Understanding interobserver agreement: The Kappa statistic'. , Family Medicine, 37:5, pp. 360-63.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Reddy-Best, Kelly L., and Olson, Eric D.. (2020);, 'Packers, dilators and the options for either male or female: Navigating movement of transgender and gender non-conforming bodies, appearances and luggage through airport security'. , Fashion, Style & Popular Culture, 7:2+3, pp. 223-46, doi: https://doi.org/10.1386/fspc_00016_1
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1386/fspc_00016_1
Loading
/content/journals/10.1386/fspc_00016_1
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Article
Keyword(s): gender; identity; non-conforming; transgender; travel; TSA
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a success
Invalid data
An error occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error